Taming the Lion
September 1, 2015
September 3, 2015

Two kinds of Knowledge

Allahu Akbar

There are two kinds of knowledge that are available to humankind.

  • Knowledge that we gain by exploration, experimentation & testing, deductive reasoning, logical argument and all other such means.
  • Knowledge gained from listening to the voice of the Creator when He speaks to us, which we call the Revelation. The last of these Revelations is the Qur’an, which Allah(SWT) revealed to His last and final Messenger, Muhammad (Peace and Blessings be upon him and all other Messengers who came before him).

The essential difference between the two bodies of knowledge mentioned above is that the second one begins where the first one ends. Islam invites the researcher towards the humility of real learning by acknowledging that his own efforts can take him only thus far and that beyond that frontier he needs the help of his Creator to know more.

The Qur’an is the Revealed Word of Allah. It is His Speech. It is He, as our Creator, Sustainer, Provider of every need, the One we worship alone, the One who is unlike anything in His Creation without any of their failings, needs or attributes, the One who does not have any partners, helpers, assistants or relatives and does not need any and the One to whom we will all return on the Day of Judgment; who is speaking to us through His Messenger, Muhammad(PBUH) to whom the Qur’an was revealed. As such the Qur’an is perfection itself; based on the logic that there can never be anything devised or created by humans

that can exceed in beauty, insight, power or truth, the Word of Allah(SWT) Himself. The wisdom of the Creator can never be less than the wisdom of His Creatures.

Just like a computer, no matter how complex and powerful can never exceed the power and intelligence of its maker, so also a human being, no matter who he or she is, can never exceed his own Creator. Whether he accepts the Creator or not, does not matter because a fact does not change because one refuses to accept it.

Introducing any change into the Revelation in the name of ‘progress’ or ‘development’, is illogical (how can the creature ‘improve’ what the Creator said?); it is illegal and a violation of copyright (the author did not authorize any changes) and in reality can only be detrimental because logically someone who knows less can’t make a progressive change to the writing of someone who knows more. That is why any change in the Qur’an, addition or subtraction or in any other way whatsoever is completely unacceptable. The Revelation, the Qur’an is perfection itself and can’t be ‘improved’ by anyone. The Message has been perfected and completed and no further changes are possible or necessary. It is totally illogical to first accept that the Qur’an is in fact the Word of Allah(SWT) and then to say that it needs to be changed because it is not relevant any longer.

Muslims believe that the Qur’an can never become out of date for the simple reason that its author is Allah(SWT) himself who created the world and then sent His Messenger(PBUH) with instructions of how to live in it.

Allah(SWT)stated categorically:

Today have I perfected for you your religion, and have completed upon you the full measure of My blessings, and have chosen Islam for you as your religion.
Ma’aida 5:3

Therefore Islam does not need to be reinterpreted or altered to suit any new situation. Islam is not a philosophy or system of blind faith, superstition, mythology or cultural rituals, which need constant reinterpretation and readjustment to be aligned to new emerging facts, trends or realities. Islam is based on the Revelation from Allah and is not subject to any trends or preferences of society. Islam is the result of the Revelation of knowledge from the Creator, so all facts, if indeed they are facts, will automatically be aligned to the Revelation. Islam is therefore not only, not in danger from any new discoveries in any branch of science but welcomes all such research and waits to welcome the researchers into its fold as they stand there marveling at the creation, aware of their own insignificance. If they are people of integrity then they will have no alternative but to acknowledge and bow down before the Creator and to worship Him alone. Those who refuse to believe what their own hearts and minds are telling them are welcome to live in their arrogant ignorance. Facts don’t change because we won’t believe them. Islam invites such people to wait for the day when they will see their Creator face to face. The only problem with that of course is that it will then be too late to say, ‘I believe.’ The place to believe is this world and our life in it, to believe without seeing, which is the very foundation of the Islamic belief. Belief in the Unperceivable (Al Ghaib) is not blind. It is belief based on evidence of the Unseen presence. That is the very meaning of ‘faith’ in Islam and its foundation.


Excerpt from Sheikh Mirza Yawar Baig Publications


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